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Feminist reflections on rice policy change and practice adaptation in Central Vietnam
In this article we revisit a case of lowland rice farmer practice change for flood adaptation in Central Vietnam. Previously we used a gender frame to view the practice change and adaptation, finding that the adapted ratoon system provided income and social benefits through decreased labour requirements and time savings, predominantly for women. Taking a feminist political ecology lens, we highlight the nuances of these benefits for women, where time saved from reduced labour within the ratoon system can lead to negative feelings for the women if they don’t have other opportunities for investing that time in income-generating or other social capital building endeavours. We investigate the implications of the changed agrarian system on the gender relationships within the household and draw on key informant interviews and historical and institutional evidence to situate this case of agrarian change within a broader Vietnamese socio-political context.