Enhancing the Competitiveness of Australia’s International Traders

Impact: Economic Impact, Public policy Impact

Impact summary

Following the 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States, international organisations developed initiatives to secure international supply chains against terrorist and other threats. Australian traders were disadvantaged by the Australian government's decision to not join an international trade facilitation scheme in 2012.

Researchers from the Centre for Customs and Excise Studies, Charles Sturt University, David Widdowson, Bryce Blegen and Mikhail Kashubsky, and Andrew Grainger from the University of Nottingham, U.K., published a report in 2014. The report examined AEO schemes implemented around the world, demonstrated the potential economic benefits of introducing such a scheme in Australia, and captured views and specific recommendations of industry stakeholders on what form an Australian program should take.

The research report ultimately became a catalyst for a reversal of the Government’s earlier decision to not introduce an AEO program. It led to the introduction of the Australian Trusted Trader (ATT) Program in 2015, which incorporates many of the research recommendations. To date, over 600 companies have joined the ATT program.
Impact date2014
Category of impactEconomic Impact, Public policy Impact
Impact levelBenefit


  • Policy reform
  • International trade facilitation
  • International trade security
  • Customs compliance

Countries where impact occurred

  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • Hong Kong
  • Canada
  • China