A case series describing the recurrence of COVID-19 in patients who recovered from initial Illness in Bangladesh

Pritimoy Das, Syed M. Satter, Allen G. Ross, Zarin Abdullah, Arifa Nazneen, Rebeca Sultana, Nadia Ali Rimi, Kamal Chowdhury, Rashedul Alam, Shahana Parveen, Md Mahfuzur Rahman, Mohammad Enayet Hossain, Mohammed Ziaur Rahman, Razib Mazumder, Ahmed Abdullah, Mahmudur Rahman, Sayera Banu, Tahmeed Ahmed, John D. Clemens, Mustafizur Rahman

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    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    To date, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has infected over 80 million people globally. We report a case series of five clinically and laboratory confirmed COVID-19 patients from Bangladesh who suffered a second episode of COVID-19 illness after 70 symptom-free days. The International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), is a leading public health research institution in South Asia. icddr, b staff were actively tested, treated and followed-up for COVID-19 by an experienced team of clinicians, epidemiologists, and virologists. From 21 March to 30 September 2020, 1370 icddr,b employees working at either the Dhaka (urban) or Matlab (rural) clinical sites were tested for COVID-19. In total, 522 (38%) were positive; 38% from urban Dhaka (483/1261) and 36% from the rural clinical site Matlab (39/109). Five patients (60% male with a mean age of 41 years) had real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) diagnosed recurrence (reinfection) of SARS-CoV-2. All had mild symptoms except for one who was hospitalized. Though all cases reported fair risk perceptions towards COVID-19, all had potential exposure sources for reinfection. After a second course of treatment and home isolation, all patients fully recovered. Our findings suggest the need for COVID-19 vaccination and continuing other preventive measures to further mitigate the pandemic. An optimal post-recovery follow-up strategy to allow the safe return of COVID-19 patients to the workforce may be considered.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number41
    Number of pages10
    JournalTropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
    Volume6
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2021

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