A comparison of executive function in very preterm and term infants at 8 months corrected age

Jing Sun, Heather Mohay, Michael O'Callaghan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Executive function (EF) emerges in infancy and continues to develop throughout childhood. Executive dysfunction is believed to contribute to learning and attention problems in children at school age. Children born very preterm are more prone to these problems than their full-term peers. Aim: To compare EF in very preterm and full-term infants at 8 months after expected date of delivery. Subjects: 37 very preterm infants without identified disabilities, and 74 gender and age matched healthy full-term infants. The very preterm infants were all ≤ 32 weeks gestation and < 1250 g birthweight. Outcome measures: EF tasks which measured working memory, inhibition of distraction, and planning at 8 months after expected date of delivery. Results: The very preterm infants performed significantly more poorly than the full-term infants on all measures of executive function. No significant differences were found between very preterm and full-term infants on any of potentially confounding variables of, infant temperament, maternal education, family income and maternal psychological wellbeing. Very preterm infants had significantly lower scores on the Mental Development Index (MDI) and Psychomotor Development Index (PDI) on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID II), however when this was partialled out the differences in EF scores remained. Medical complications, lower birthweight and lower gestation age were all found to adversely affect the performance of very preterm infants on executive function tasks. Conclusion: Very preterm infants performed more poorly than full-term infants on measures of EF. Further follow up studies are required to investigate whether EF measures in infancy can predict learning and attention outcome at school age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-230
Number of pages6
JournalEarly Human Development
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

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