A deep learning-based hyperspectral object classification approach via imbalanced training samples handling

Md Touhid Islam, Md Rashedul Islam, Md Palash Uddin, Anwaar Ulhaq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
49 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Object classification in hyperspectral images involves accurately categorizing objects based on their spectral characteristics. However, the high dimensionality of hyperspectral data and class imbalance pose significant challenges to object classification performance. To address these challenges, we propose a framework that incorporates dimensionality reduction and re-sampling as preprocessing steps for a deep learning model. Our framework employs a novel subgroup-based dimensionality reduction technique to extract and select the most informative features with minimal redundancy. Additionally, the data are resampled to achieve class balance across all categories. The reduced and balanced data are then processed through a hybrid CNN model, which combines a 3D learning block and a 2D learning block to extract spectral–spatial features and achieve satisfactory classification accuracy. By adopting this hybrid approach, we simplify the model while improving performance in the presence of noise and limited sample size. We evaluated our proposed model on the Salinas scene, Pavia University, and Kennedy Space Center benchmark hyperspectral datasets, comparing it to state-of-the-art methods. Our object classification technique achieves highly promising results, with overall accuracies of 99.98%, 99.94%, and 99.46% on the three datasets, respectively. This proposed approach offers a compelling solution to overcome the challenges of high dimensionality and class imbalance in hyperspectral object classification.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3532
Pages (from-to)1-29
Number of pages29
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume15
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

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