A high throughput in vitro digestibility assay for rapidly predicting glycaemic index of rice varieties

Wei Zou, Jixun Luo, Vito Butardo, Asgar Farahnaky, Christopher Blanchard

Research output: Other contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

The aim of this study was to construct the high throughput needs of rice breeding programs for rapidly predicting the glycaemic index (GI) of rice varieties. Milled rice grains from varieties (Opus, Koshihikari, Reziq, Topaz, Doongara, YRL127, Sherpa, Illabong, Langi and Waxy) differed by GI were subjected to an in vitro enzymatic digestion by a mixture of pancreatic α-amylase and amyloglucosidase (Aspergillus niger). An aliquot of digesta was pipetted at each time points, of which the generated glucose concentration measured through Megazyme GOPOD assay and calculated into the starch digested percentage. Digestion curves were generated by plotting starch digestion percentages vs. time and the first order kinetic parameters of starch digestion were obtained through the combined techniques of logarithm-of-slope analysis and non-linear least-squares fitting method, which allow for an accurate determination of critical parameters including predicted GI, areas under curves and/or digestion rate coefficients. This in vitro digestibility assay allows for a rapid prediction of the GI to screen large number of rice lines within tight timeframes, and has the potential to assist in the delivery of new low GI rice cultivars.
Original languageEnglish
Pages44
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2018
Event68th Australasian Grain Science Conference - Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, Australia
Duration: 10 Sep 201813 Sep 2018
https://www.ausgrainscience.org.au/wp-content/uploads/Conference2018/Booklet-2018.pdf (Conference booklet)

Conference

Conference68th Australasian Grain Science Conference
Abbreviated titleGrain Science Transforming our Future
CountryAustralia
CityWagga Wagga
Period10/09/1813/09/18
Internet address

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    Zou, W., Luo, J., Butardo, V., Farahnaky, A., & Blanchard, C. (2018). A high throughput in vitro digestibility assay for rapidly predicting glycaemic index of rice varieties. 44. Abstract from 68th Australasian Grain Science Conference, Wagga Wagga, Australia.