### Abstract

Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is a recently developed method for data analysis. So far, most of known algorithms for NMF are based on alternating nonnegative least squares (ANLS) minimization of the squared Euclidean distance between the original data matrix and its low-rank approximation. In this paper, we first develop a new NMF algorithm, in which a Procrustes rotation and a nonnegative projection are alternately performed. The new algorithm converges very rapidly. Then, we propose a hybrid NMF (HNMF) algorithm that combines the new algorithm with the low-rank approximation based NMF (lraNMF) algorithm. Furthermore, we extend the HNMF algorithm to nonnegative Tucker decomposition (NTD), which leads to a hybrid NTD (HNTD) algorithm. The simulations verify that the HNMF algorithm performs well under various noise conditions, and HNTD has a comparable performance to the low-rank approximation based sequential NTD (lraSNTD) algorithm for sparse representation of tensor objects.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 129-137 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | Neurocomputing |

Volume | 364 |

Early online date | 25 Jul 2019 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 28 Oct 2019 |

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## Cite this

*Neurocomputing*,

*364*, 129-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neucom.2019.07.059