A hybrid threat: The Night Wolves motorcycle club

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Hybrid threat actors are dynamic and often intentionally disguise their intentions. While the Russian motorcycle club Night Wolves dress comparably to outlaw motorcycle gangs, open source materials describe the club as posing a distinctly different national security threat. The Night Wolves’ambiguity and covert activities make the club hard to analyze; however, this case study uses open source materials to provide insight into their activities and characteristics across an array of security domains. International incidents indicate members and associates have the capability and resources to engage in crime, corruption and politically-motivated violence both for personal interests, as well as the furtherance of Russian goals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1784-1816
Number of pages33
JournalStudies in Conflict and Terrorism
Issue number9
Early online date2021
Publication statusPublished - 2023


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