A multiplexed device based on tunable Nanoshearing for specific detection of multiple protein biomarkers in serum

Ramanathan Vaidyanathan, Lara Michelle Van Leeuwen, Sakandar Rauf, Muhammad J.A. Shiddiky, Matt Trau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Microfluidic flow based multiplexed devices have gained significant promise in detecting biomarkers in complex biological samples. However, to fully exploit their use in bioanalysis, issues such as (i) low sensitivity and (ii) high levels of nonspecific adsorption of non-target species have to be overcome. Herein, we describe a new multiplexed device for the sensitive detection of multiple protein biomarkers in serum by using an alternating current (ac) electrohydrodynamics (ac-EHD) induced surface shear forces based phenomenon referred to as nanoshearing. The tunable nature (via manipulation of ac field) of these nanoshearing forces can alter the capture performance of the device (e.g., improved fluid transport enhances number of sensor-target collisions). This can also selectively displace weakly (nonspecifically) bound molecules from the electrode surface (i.e., fluid shear forces can be tuned to shear away nonspecific species present in biological samples). Using this approach, we achieved sensitive (100 fg mL-1) naked eye detection of multiple protein targets spiked in human serum and a 1000-fold enhancement in comparison to hydrodynamic flow based devices for biomarker detection. We believe that this approach could potentially represent a clinical diagnostic tool that can be integrated into resource-limited settings for sensitive detection of target biomarkers using naked eye.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9756
Number of pages7
JournalScientific Reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2015

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