A novel solution of an elastic net regularisation for dementia knowledge discovery using deep learning

Kshitiz Shrestha, Omar Hisham Alsadoon, Abeer Alsadoon, Tarik A. Rashid, Rasha S. Ali, P. W.C. Prasad, Oday D. Jerew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Accurate classification of Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) is essential to accurately predict Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) conversion. Meanwhile, deep learning has been successfully implemented to classify and predict dementia disease. However, the accuracy of MRI image classification is low. This paper aims to increase the accuracy and reduce the processing time of classification through Deep Learning Architecture by using Elastic Net Regularisation in Feature Selection. The proposed system consists of Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to enhance the accuracy of classification and prediction by using Elastic Net Regularisation. Initially, the MRI images are fed into CNN for features extraction through convolutional layers alternate with pooling layers, and then through a fully connected layer. After that, the features extracted are subjected to Principle Component Analysis (PCA) and Elastic Net Regularisation for feature selection. Finally, the selected features are used as an input to Extreme Machine Learning (EML) for the classification of MRI images. The result shows that the accuracy of the proposed solution is better than the current system. In addition to that, the proposed method has improved the classification accuracy by 5% on average and reduced the processing time by 30 ~ 40 seconds on average. The proposed system is focused on improving the accuracy and processing time of MCI converters/non-converters classification. It consists of features extraction, feature selection, and classification using CNN, FreeSurfer, PCA, Elastic Net, and Extreme Machine Learning. Finally, this study enhances the accuracy and the processing time by using Elastic Net Regularisation, which provides important selected features for classification.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

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