A re-examination of the individual differences approach that explains occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses

Brody Heritage, Clare Rees, Rebecca Osseiran-Moisson, Diane Chamberlain, Lynette Cusack, Judith Anderson, Anna Fagence, Katie Sutton, Janie Brown, Victoria Terry, David Hemsworth, Desley Hegney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: This study re-examines the validity of a model of occupational resilience for use by nursing managers, which focused on an individual differences approach that explained buffering factors against negative outcomes such as burnout for nurses. Background: The International Collaboration of Workforce Resilience model (Rees et al., 2015, Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 73) provided initial evidence of its value as a parsimonious model of resilience, and resilience antecedents and outcomes (e.g., burnout). Whether this model's adequacy was largely sample dependent, or a valid explanation of occupational resilience, has been subsequently un-examined in the literature to date. To address this question, we re-examined the model with a larger and an entirely new sample of student nurses. Methods: A sample of nursing students (n = 708, AgeM ( SD ) = 26.4 (7.7) years), with data examined via a rigorous latent factor structural equation model. Results: The model upheld many of its relationship predictions following further testing. Conclusions: The model was able to explain the individual differences, antecedents, and burnout-related outcomes, of resilience within a nursing context. Implications for Nursing Management: The results highlight the importance of skills training to develop mindfulness and self-efficacy among nurses as a means of fostering resilience and positive psychological adjustment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Jun 2019

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Individuality
Nursing
Nurses
Mindfulness
Foster Home Care
Nursing Students
Structural Models
Self Efficacy
Students
Psychology
Emotional Adjustment

Cite this

Heritage, Brody ; Rees, Clare ; Osseiran-Moisson, Rebecca ; Chamberlain, Diane ; Cusack, Lynette ; Anderson, Judith ; Fagence, Anna ; Sutton, Katie ; Brown, Janie ; Terry, Victoria ; Hemsworth, David ; Hegney, Desley. / A re-examination of the individual differences approach that explains occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses. In: Journal of Nursing Management. 2019 ; pp. 1-9.
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Heritage, B, Rees, C, Osseiran-Moisson, R, Chamberlain, D, Cusack, L, Anderson, J, Fagence, A, Sutton, K, Brown, J, Terry, V, Hemsworth, D & Hegney, D 2019, 'A re-examination of the individual differences approach that explains occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses', Journal of Nursing Management, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12820

A re-examination of the individual differences approach that explains occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses. / Heritage, Brody; Rees, Clare; Osseiran-Moisson, Rebecca; Chamberlain, Diane; Cusack, Lynette; Anderson, Judith; Fagence, Anna; Sutton, Katie; Brown, Janie; Terry, Victoria; Hemsworth, David; Hegney, Desley.

In: Journal of Nursing Management, 24.06.2019, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Rees, Clare

AU - Osseiran-Moisson, Rebecca

AU - Chamberlain, Diane

AU - Cusack, Lynette

AU - Anderson, Judith

AU - Fagence, Anna

AU - Sutton, Katie

AU - Brown, Janie

AU - Terry, Victoria

AU - Hemsworth, David

AU - Hegney, Desley

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Y1 - 2019/6/24

N2 - Aims: This study re-examines the validity of a model of occupational resilience for use by nursing managers, which focused on an individual differences approach that explained buffering factors against negative outcomes such as burnout for nurses. Background: The International Collaboration of Workforce Resilience model (Rees et al., 2015, Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 73) provided initial evidence of its value as a parsimonious model of resilience, and resilience antecedents and outcomes (e.g., burnout). Whether this model's adequacy was largely sample dependent, or a valid explanation of occupational resilience, has been subsequently un-examined in the literature to date. To address this question, we re-examined the model with a larger and an entirely new sample of student nurses. Methods: A sample of nursing students (n = 708, AgeM ( SD ) = 26.4 (7.7) years), with data examined via a rigorous latent factor structural equation model. Results: The model upheld many of its relationship predictions following further testing. Conclusions: The model was able to explain the individual differences, antecedents, and burnout-related outcomes, of resilience within a nursing context. Implications for Nursing Management: The results highlight the importance of skills training to develop mindfulness and self-efficacy among nurses as a means of fostering resilience and positive psychological adjustment.

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