A re-examination of the individual differences approach that explains occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses

Brody Heritage, Clare Rees, Rebecca Osseiran-Moisson, Diane Chamberlain, Lynette Cusack, Judith Anderson, Anna Fagence, Katie Sutton, Janie Brown, Victoria Terry, David Hemsworth, Desley Hegney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: This study re-examines the validity of a model of occupational resilience for use by nursing managers, which focused on an individual differences approach that explained buffering factors against negative outcomes such as burnout for nurses. Background: The International Collaboration of Workforce Resilience model (Rees et al., 2015, Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 73) provided initial evidence of its value as a parsimonious model of resilience, and resilience antecedents and outcomes (e.g., burnout). Whether this model's adequacy was largely sample dependent, or a valid explanation of occupational resilience, has been subsequently un-examined in the literature to date. To address this question, we re-examined the model with a larger and an entirely new sample of student nurses. Methods: A sample of nursing students (n = 708, AgeM ( SD ) = 26.4 (7.7) years), with data examined via a rigorous latent factor structural equation model. Results: The model upheld many of its relationship predictions following further testing. Conclusions: The model was able to explain the individual differences, antecedents, and burnout-related outcomes, of resilience within a nursing context. Implications for Nursing Management: The results highlight the importance of skills training to develop mindfulness and self-efficacy among nurses as a means of fostering resilience and positive psychological adjustment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1391-1399
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Volume27
Issue number7
Early online date24 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

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    Heritage, B., Rees, C., Osseiran-Moisson, R., Chamberlain, D., Cusack, L., Anderson, J., Fagence, A., Sutton, K., Brown, J., Terry, V., Hemsworth, D., & Hegney, D. (2019). A re-examination of the individual differences approach that explains occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 27(7), 1391-1399. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12820