A scoping review of Occupational therapy services provided to populations in non-urban areas: Preliminary findings

Karen Hayes, Vagner Dos Santos, Moses Costigan, Danielle Morante

Research output: Other contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


Introduction/Rationale Worldwide, most non-urban populations have higher disease and disability levels but less access to occupational therapy services, however, the global scope of occupational therapy services provided in non-urban areas remains unexplored. Objectives Complete a global synthesis of the evidence regarding the occupational therapy services provided in non-urban areas. Method /Approach Searches were conducted of MEDLINE ALL (Ovid), CINAHL Plus (EBSCOhost), Emcare (Ovid) and ProQuest (Nursing & Allied Health), to retrieve relevant articles in English, French, Portuguese, or Spanish from January 2010 – July 2020. Articles focused on services provided independently or as part of a team to people living in non-urban areas (regional, rural, remote), across all age ranges and health status. Location of the studies, location of publications, type of publication, method used, and the types of services provided were examined. Results /Practice Implications Preliminary results from all databases identified 1989 unique articles. 487 titles/abstracts (Medline & CINAHL) have been screened to date and 141 included for full-text review. The articles were published in English and Portuguese, covering nearly 20 countries. The majority of articles were published in occupational therapy journals. The types of articles ranged from opinion/case study, qualitative reviews, through to experimental trials. Service types include telehealth, community development, private practice, and hospital/community health. Conclusion The scoping review will provide clarity regarding the scope of occupational therapy services in non-urban areas. Educators and policy makers will use this information to plan curriculum and services that will support non-urban practitioners and communities.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2021
EventOccupational Therapy Australia 29th National Conference and Exhibition - Online
Duration: 23 Jun 202125 Jun 2021
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/14401630/2021/68/S1 (Special issue: Occupational Therapy Australia, 29th National Conference and Exhibition)


ConferenceOccupational Therapy Australia 29th National Conference and Exhibition
Abbreviated titleInspired insights for brighter futures
OtherThe Occupational Therapy Australia 29th National Conference and Exhibition will be held online from Wednesday 23 June to Friday 25 June 2021 with Engagement Hubs located around Australia for face-to-face networking on Wednesday (23 June 2021) .

The conference theme is Inspired Insights for Brighter Futures. This theme acknowledges the changing context in which our profession practices, and the way the people we work with gain meaning and purpose through occupational engagement. It recognises the learnings we have as a profession, can positively influence the future in all areas of occupational therapy practice. The conference aims to showcase opportunities, innovations and strategies informed through research and practice in the field which can shape future practices, policies and educational approaches to facilitate the growth of occupational wellbeing, both nationally and internationally.
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