A systematic review of the legal considerations surrounding medicines management

Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Sue Jordan, Patricia Logan, Sara Amaniyan, Manela Glarcher

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)


This study explores the legal considerations surrounding medicines management, providing a synthesis of existing knowledge. An integrative systematic review of the current international knowledge was performed. The search encompassed the online databases of PubMed (including Medline), Scopus, CINAHL, and Web of Science using MeSH terms and relevant keywords relating to the legal considerations of medicines management in healthcare settings. The search process led to the identification of 6051 studies published between 2010 and 2020, of which six articles were found to be appropriate for data analysis and synthesis based on inclusion criteria. Research methods were varied and included qualitative interviews, mixed-methods designs, retrospective case reports and cross-sectional interrupted time-series analysis. Their foci were on the delegation of medicines management, pharmacovigilance and reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) before and after legislation by nurses, physicians and pharmacists, medico-legal litigation, use of forced medication and the prescription monitoring program. Given the heterogenicity of the studies in terms of aims and research methods, a meta-analysis could not be performed and, therefore, our review findings are presented narratively under the categories of ‘healthcare providers’ education and monitoring tasks’, ‘individual and shared responsibility’, and ‘patients’ rights’. This review identifies legal aspects surrounding medicines management, including supervision and monitoring of the effects of medicines; healthcare providers’ knowledge and attitudes; support and standardised tools for monitoring and reporting medicines’ adverse side effects/ADRs; electronic health record systems; individual and shared perceptions of responsibility; recognition of nurses’ roles; detection of sentinel medication errors; covert or non-voluntary administration of medication, and patient participation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number65
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2021


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