Adopting a constructivist approach to grounded theory: Implications for research design

Jane Mills, Ann Bonner, Karen Francis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

208 Citations (Scopus)


Grounded theory is a popular research methodology that is evolving to account for a range of ontological and epistemological underpinnings. Constructivist grounded theory has its foundations in relativism and an appreciation of the multiple truths and realities of subjectivism. Undertaking a constructivist enquiry requires the adoption of a position of mutuality between researcher and participant in the research process, which necessitates a rethinking of the grounded theorist's traditional role of objective observer. Key issues for constructivist grounded theorists to consider in designing their research studies are discussed in relation to developing a partnership with participants that enables a mutual construction of meaning during interviews and a meaningful reconstruction of their stories into a grounded theory model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Practice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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