Adventure therapy and routine outcome monitoring of treatment: The time is now

Will W. Dobud, Daniel L. Cavanaugh, Nevin J. Harper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Routine outcome monitoring (ROM) was popularized in the mid-1990s to improve client outcomes in psychotherapy, though implementation in clinical practice has been slow. Although increased outcome research in adventure therapy (AT) in the last decade has demonstrated AT as a viable treatment option, recent reviews have found worrying trends regarding research methodology and poorly substantiated claims of superiority. Purpose: The purpose of this article is to explore the potential for ROM in AT. Methodology/Approach: We conducted a brief review of the literature on ROM and offered a discussion that positions principles of ROM with the nascent knowledge base of AT. Findings/Conclusions: We propose ROM is a viable next step in AT research and practice. ROM can explore when change is likely to occur during an AT program and provide a platform for improving client engagement and outcomes. Implications: We recommend implementation of ROM in AT and that future AT research explore therapist effects and important therapeutic factors, such as the therapeutic alliance and deterioration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-276
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Experiential Education
Issue number3
Early online date20 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sept 2020


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