Age-Related Change in Visual, Spatial, and Verbal Memory

Rhonda Shaw, Edward Helmes, David Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To explore the relationship between age and performance on verbal, visual and spatial memory tasks and to examine whether verbal, visual and spatial memory can be measured as separate memory representations.Methods: Sixty-two participants aged between 18 and 57 years completed a listening span task, a dot memory task, and an irregular polygon with articulatory suppression task.Results: Verbal and spatial memory declined with increased age. The relationship between age and visual memory, although negative, was not significant. Age correlated with verbal memory to a greater degree than with visual or spatial memory. The correlations between each of the memory tasks were not significant, suggesting that each task was tapping a distinct type of memory.Conclusions: Verbal, visual and spatial memory appears to be differentially affected by age and should be examined as separate representations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalAustralasian Journal on Ageing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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