Agitation following traumatic brain injury: An Australian sample

Melissa T. Nott, C Chapparo, IJ Baguley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Agitation following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is perceived to limit the achievement of rehabilitation goals. Theaims of this study were: (1) To examine the nature and incidence of agitation during TBI rehabilitation in an Australiansample; and (2) To explore the relationship between agitation and functional outcomes after TBI.Method: Retrospective medical record review of 80 participants admitted for rehabilitation following TBI. Outcome datacollected at discharge, 6 and 24 months post-discharge, included length of stay, duration of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA),community integration, functional independence and life satisfaction.Results: Seventy per cent of patients demonstrated agitation during rehabilitation for an average of 32 days. Agitated patientsexperienced longer PTA duration, increased length of stay and reduced functional independence, specifically cognitivefunction, at discharge. These differences between agitated and non-agitated participants did not appear to persist and werenot evident at follow-up 6 and 24 months post-discharge. Longer duration of agitation was associated with delayed PTAemergence, longer rehabilitation stay and reduced functional independence at discharge and follow-up.Conclusions: A large proportion of patients with TBI experience agitation. Presence of agitation seems to limit rehabilitationgains at discharge. Longer duration of agitation is associated with persisting limitations to functional independence.Keywords: Traumatic brain injury, agitation, cognition, post-traumatic amnesia, outcomes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1175-1182
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Injury
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2006


Dive into the research topics of 'Agitation following traumatic brain injury: An Australian sample'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this