An empirical study of high performance HRM practices in Chinese SMEs

Connie Zheng, Mark Morrison, Grant O'Neill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores the performance effects of human resource management (HRM) practices in 74 Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Four high performance HRM practices are identified: performance-based pay, participatory decision-making, free market selection, and performance evaluation. Regression analysis results support the conventional idea that the adoption of HRM practices generates better HRM outcomes and, in turn, better HRM outcomes contribute positively to firm performance. However, not all HRM practices, and their effects, led to improved SME performance. Among the Chinese SMEs investigated, a high level of employee commitment was identified as being the key HRM outcome for enhancing performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1772-1803
Number of pages32
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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