An Overview of Laboratory Testing for ADAMTS13

Emmanuel J Favaloro, Leonardo Pasalic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) is also called von Willebrand factor (VWF) cleaving protease (VWFCP). ADAMTS13 acts to cleave VWF multimers and thus reduce plasma VWF activity. In the absence of ADAMTS13 (i.e., in thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura, TTP), plasma VWF can accumulate, in particular as "ultra-large" VWF multimers, and this can lead to thrombosis. Relative deficiencies in ADAMTS13 can also occur in a variety of other conditions, including secondary thrombotic microangiopathies (TMA). Of contemporary interest, COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) may also be associated with relative reduction of ADAMTS13 and also pathological accumulation of VWF, with this likely contributing to the thrombosis risk seen in affected patients. Laboratory testing for ADAMTS13 can assist in the diagnosis of these disorders (i.e., TTP, TMA), as well as in their management, and can be achieved using a variety of assays. This chapter therefore provides an overview of laboratory testing for ADAMTS13 and the value of such testing to assist the diagnosis and management of associated disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-486
Number of pages6
JournalMethods in Molecular Biology
Publication statusPublished - 2023


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