Analysis of P. gingivalis, T. forsythia and S. aureus levels in edentulous mouths prior to and 6 months after placement of one-piece zirconia and titanium implants

Allauddin Siddiqi, Trudy Milne, Mary P. Cullinan, Gregory J. Seymour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: It has been suggested that completely edentulous patients harbour fewer periodontopathic bacteria compared with dentate patients, due to the removal of the subgingival periodontal environment. However, reappearance of certain microbes has been reported after the placement of implants in these patients. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether the periodontopathic bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia, as well as the non-periodontopathic bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus, emerged in edentulous patients 6 months after placement of one-piece zirconia and titanium implants. Materials and methods: Twenty-six patients were included in the study (titanium = 13, zirconia = 13). Microbial samples were collected from the tongue prior to implant placement and 6 months after implant placement from both the tongue and from around the implants. A qRT-PCR assay using SYBR green/ROX chemistry was used for the detection and quantification of rgp, nuc and karilysin single-copy gene of P. gingivalis, T. forsythia and S. aureus, respectively. Positive controls used in the study were pure bacterial gDNA purified from cultures of P. gingivalis and S. aureus, a cloned sequence of the karilysin gene for T. forsythia, a plaque sample positive for P. gingivalis and T. forsythia, and nasal gDNA for S. aureus. Results: The results show that prior to implant placement, all three bacterial species were below the lower limit of quantification in all edentulous patients. The samples collected from the tongue and around the implants remained below the lower limit of quantification for each of the three species. However, all positive controls used in the study were detectable in the samples. qPCR standard curves showed correlation coefficients >0.97 and efficiencies >94.5% (slope range -3.19 to -3.46) for each of the SYBR green PCR assays. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the tested organisms did not emerge 6 months after implant
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-294
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Oral Implants Research
Volume27
Issue number3
Early online date2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

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