Analysis of Lysophospholipid content in low phytate rice mutants

Chuan Tong, Yaling Chen, Yuanyuan Tan, Lei Liu, Daniel L.E. Waters, Terry J. Rose, Qingyao Shu, Jinsong Bao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As a fundamental component of nucleic acids, phospholipids, and adenosine triphosphate, phosphorus (P) is critical to all life forms, however, the molecular mechanism of P translocation and distribution in rice grains are still not understood. Here, with the use of five different low phytic acid (lpa) rice mutants, the redistribution in the main P-containing compounds in rice grain, phytic acid (PA), lysophospholipid (LPL), and inorganic P (Pi), was investigated. The lpa mutants showed a significant decrease in PA and phytate-phosphorus (PA-P) concentration with a concomitant increase in Pi concentration. Moreover, defects in the OsST and OsMIK genes result in a great reduction of specific LPL components and LPL-phosphorus (LPL-P) contents in rice grain. In contrast, defective OsMRP5 and Os2-PGK genes led to a significant increase in individual LPL components. The effect of the Os2-PGK gene on the LPL accumulation was validated using breeding lines derived from a cross between KBNT-lpa (Os2-PGK mutation) and Jiahe218. This study demonstrates that these rice lpa mutants lead to the redistribution of Pi in endosperm and modify LPL biosynthesis. Increase LPLs in the endosperm in the lpa mutants may have practical applications in rice breeding to produce "healthier" rice.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5435-5441
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    Volume65
    Issue number26
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Analysis of Lysophospholipid content in low phytate rice mutants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this