Antibody responses (IgG) against Taenia hydatigena infection in dogs in Kenya were analysed in ELISA using excretory/secretory products of T. hydatigena scoleces derived from goat cysticercus cysts. Helminth infections of individual dogs were confirmed at autopsy. T. hydatigena worms were found in 89.5% of 143 dogs, and positive anti-T. hydatigena antibody levels were detected in 58.7% of infected dogs. Positive antiscolex antibody levels were detected in 40.0% of Turkana dogs uninfected with T. hydatigena, suggesting previous infection. Antibody was not detected in 34.4% of infected dogs. There was no relationship between individual T. hydatigena worm burdens and absorbance values for sera in ELISA. It was not possible to distinguish between sera from T. hydatigena-infected and uninfected dogs.