Anxiety and self medication with alcohol

    Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter (peer-reviewed)

    Abstract

    Abstract This chapter addresses the question: Is the moderate consumption of alcohol to control day-to-day anxiety symptoms a sensible strategy, even in the long-term? Large proportions of people drink alcohol for various reasons, only one of which may be to reduce anxiety. In alcohol research, anxiety and other emotional states are often framed in terms of negative affect but there are also positive affective states that can motivate drinking. Reducing anxiety, however, is a particularly powerful motive. Knowledge on motives for drinking in non-clinical populations helps contribute to the broader body of research seeking to differentiate between problem and non-problem drinking. Research on drinking motives is increasingly located within the framework of the Self-Medication Model or the Drinking Motives Model. The Self-Medication Model mainly focuses on drinking to reduce negative affect, and the Drinking Motives Model considers motives for drinking in terms of both positive and negative affect. The four common drinking motives in this framework are the enhancement and social motives, each for improving positive affect, and the coping and conformity motives, each for reducing negative affect. The coping motive is the best predictor (within the motives model) of problem drinking. Motives and drinking behaviours interact with type of mood or emotional state, as well as expectations about the effects of alcohol. Thus, drinking to reduce anxiety may put people at risk more so when other factors, such as high expectancy or an anxiety disorder, are present. Drinking to enhance wellbeing appears less problematic, but research is not consistent in this regard. The motives model has application to other areas of consumption and wellbeing. It provides a useful pathway to consider the broader set of variables that impinge on consumption and over-consumption of food, alcoho and other drugs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHandbook of Behavior, Food and Nutrition
    EditorsVictor R. Preedy, Ronald R. Watson, Colin R. Martin
    Place of PublicationUK
    PublisherSpringer
    Chapter190
    Pages3061-3076
    Number of pages16
    Volume5
    Edition1
    ISBN (Print)9781441917867
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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    self-medication
    alcohol
    anxiety
    coping
    conformity
    mood

    Cite this

    Saliba, A., & Moran, C. (2011). Anxiety and self medication with alcohol. In V. R. Preedy, R. R. Watson, & C. R. Martin (Eds.), Handbook of Behavior, Food and Nutrition (1 ed., Vol. 5, pp. 3061-3076). UK: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-92271-3_190
    Saliba, Anthony ; Moran, Carmen. / Anxiety and self medication with alcohol. Handbook of Behavior, Food and Nutrition. editor / Victor R. Preedy ; Ronald R. Watson ; Colin R. Martin. Vol. 5 1. ed. UK : Springer, 2011. pp. 3061-3076
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    abstract = "Abstract This chapter addresses the question: Is the moderate consumption of alcohol to control day-to-day anxiety symptoms a sensible strategy, even in the long-term? Large proportions of people drink alcohol for various reasons, only one of which may be to reduce anxiety. In alcohol research, anxiety and other emotional states are often framed in terms of negative affect but there are also positive affective states that can motivate drinking. Reducing anxiety, however, is a particularly powerful motive. Knowledge on motives for drinking in non-clinical populations helps contribute to the broader body of research seeking to differentiate between problem and non-problem drinking. Research on drinking motives is increasingly located within the framework of the Self-Medication Model or the Drinking Motives Model. The Self-Medication Model mainly focuses on drinking to reduce negative affect, and the Drinking Motives Model considers motives for drinking in terms of both positive and negative affect. The four common drinking motives in this framework are the enhancement and social motives, each for improving positive affect, and the coping and conformity motives, each for reducing negative affect. The coping motive is the best predictor (within the motives model) of problem drinking. Motives and drinking behaviours interact with type of mood or emotional state, as well as expectations about the effects of alcohol. Thus, drinking to reduce anxiety may put people at risk more so when other factors, such as high expectancy or an anxiety disorder, are present. Drinking to enhance wellbeing appears less problematic, but research is not consistent in this regard. The motives model has application to other areas of consumption and wellbeing. It provides a useful pathway to consider the broader set of variables that impinge on consumption and over-consumption of food, alcoho and other drugs.",
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    author = "Anthony Saliba and Carmen Moran",
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    Saliba, A & Moran, C 2011, Anxiety and self medication with alcohol. in VR Preedy, RR Watson & CR Martin (eds), Handbook of Behavior, Food and Nutrition. 1 edn, vol. 5, Springer, UK, pp. 3061-3076. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-92271-3_190

    Anxiety and self medication with alcohol. / Saliba, Anthony; Moran, Carmen.

    Handbook of Behavior, Food and Nutrition. ed. / Victor R. Preedy; Ronald R. Watson; Colin R. Martin. Vol. 5 1. ed. UK : Springer, 2011. p. 3061-3076.

    Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter (peer-reviewed)

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    AU - Moran, Carmen

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    N2 - Abstract This chapter addresses the question: Is the moderate consumption of alcohol to control day-to-day anxiety symptoms a sensible strategy, even in the long-term? Large proportions of people drink alcohol for various reasons, only one of which may be to reduce anxiety. In alcohol research, anxiety and other emotional states are often framed in terms of negative affect but there are also positive affective states that can motivate drinking. Reducing anxiety, however, is a particularly powerful motive. Knowledge on motives for drinking in non-clinical populations helps contribute to the broader body of research seeking to differentiate between problem and non-problem drinking. Research on drinking motives is increasingly located within the framework of the Self-Medication Model or the Drinking Motives Model. The Self-Medication Model mainly focuses on drinking to reduce negative affect, and the Drinking Motives Model considers motives for drinking in terms of both positive and negative affect. The four common drinking motives in this framework are the enhancement and social motives, each for improving positive affect, and the coping and conformity motives, each for reducing negative affect. The coping motive is the best predictor (within the motives model) of problem drinking. Motives and drinking behaviours interact with type of mood or emotional state, as well as expectations about the effects of alcohol. Thus, drinking to reduce anxiety may put people at risk more so when other factors, such as high expectancy or an anxiety disorder, are present. Drinking to enhance wellbeing appears less problematic, but research is not consistent in this regard. The motives model has application to other areas of consumption and wellbeing. It provides a useful pathway to consider the broader set of variables that impinge on consumption and over-consumption of food, alcoho and other drugs.

    AB - Abstract This chapter addresses the question: Is the moderate consumption of alcohol to control day-to-day anxiety symptoms a sensible strategy, even in the long-term? Large proportions of people drink alcohol for various reasons, only one of which may be to reduce anxiety. In alcohol research, anxiety and other emotional states are often framed in terms of negative affect but there are also positive affective states that can motivate drinking. Reducing anxiety, however, is a particularly powerful motive. Knowledge on motives for drinking in non-clinical populations helps contribute to the broader body of research seeking to differentiate between problem and non-problem drinking. Research on drinking motives is increasingly located within the framework of the Self-Medication Model or the Drinking Motives Model. The Self-Medication Model mainly focuses on drinking to reduce negative affect, and the Drinking Motives Model considers motives for drinking in terms of both positive and negative affect. The four common drinking motives in this framework are the enhancement and social motives, each for improving positive affect, and the coping and conformity motives, each for reducing negative affect. The coping motive is the best predictor (within the motives model) of problem drinking. Motives and drinking behaviours interact with type of mood or emotional state, as well as expectations about the effects of alcohol. Thus, drinking to reduce anxiety may put people at risk more so when other factors, such as high expectancy or an anxiety disorder, are present. Drinking to enhance wellbeing appears less problematic, but research is not consistent in this regard. The motives model has application to other areas of consumption and wellbeing. It provides a useful pathway to consider the broader set of variables that impinge on consumption and over-consumption of food, alcoho and other drugs.

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    Saliba A, Moran C. Anxiety and self medication with alcohol. In Preedy VR, Watson RR, Martin CR, editors, Handbook of Behavior, Food and Nutrition. 1 ed. Vol. 5. UK: Springer. 2011. p. 3061-3076 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-92271-3_190