Objective: A type of respiratory disorder resembling some aspects of human allergic asthma can he induced in mice using ovalbumin. The factors that influence the etiology of asthma are poorly understood even though cytokines are known to play a pivotal role. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis whether an ad- ministration of Asian pear pectin during presensitization could suppress allergic response to ovalbumin in BALB/c mice. Design: High-dose (100 'g) of pectin-sol was used and values were compared to those from the control. Ovalbumin and aluminum hydroxide were utilized for sensitization while ovalbumin aerosol was used for provocation 2 weeks later. The bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and assessment of tracheal smooth muscle responsiveness to electrical Field stimulation or acetylcholine were performed I day after ovalbumin provocation. Two main cytokines of interferon (IFN)-' and interleukin (IL)-5, and serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) were assayed. Settings: Laboratory of the Chosun University Medical School Subject: Male BALB/c mice Results: Antigen dose of 5 'g for sensitization generated T<sub>H</sub> 1 type cytokines in the lungs with a high level of IFN-' and a low level of IL-S. In contrast, T<sub>H</sub>2 type cytokines were produced in splenocytes including a high level of IL-S and a low level of IFN-'. Asian pear pectin-sol administration during presensitization significantly inhibited (p < 0.05) sensitivity of airway smooth muscle to electrical held stimulation and acetyl- choline. Further, IFN-' production significantly decreased (p <0.05) in BAL fluids while it significantly increased (p < 0.05) in splenic cells. On the other hand, IL-S production significantly increased (p < 0.05) in BAL fluids while it was a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in splenic cells. For the histopathologic changes in the lung, pear pectin-sol recovered ovalbumin (OVA)-induced abnormal signs to an almost normal state. As a correlate, IgE productionsignificantly decreased (p <0.05) in pectin-sol-treated animals compared to the control. Conclusions: It is possible from these data that BALB/c mice have different susceptibilities to different doses of OVA regulated by pulmonary T<sub>H</sub>1 and T<sub>H</sub>2 type cytokines, independent of splenic T<sub>H</sub>1 and T<sub>H</sub>2 type cytokines production. These results also indicate that administration of Asian pear pectin-sol in presensitized mice suppresses allergic asthmatic reaction.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|