Assessing optimization techniques for improving water quality model

Md Galal Uddin, Stephen Nash, Azizur Rahman, Agnieszka I. Olbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
104 Downloads (Pure)


In order to keep the “good” status of coastal water quality, it is essential to monitor and assess frequently. The Water quality index (WQI) model is one of the most widely used techniques for the assessment of water quality. It consists of five components, with the indicator selection technique being one of the more crucial components. Several studies conducted recently have shown that the use of the existing techniques results in a significant amount of uncertainty being produced in the final assessment due to the inappropriate indicator selection. The present study carried out a comprehensive assessment of various features selection (FS) techniques for selecting crucial coastal water quality indicators in order to develop an efficient WQI model. This study aims to analyse the effects of eighteen different FS techniques, including (i) nine filter methods, (ii) two wrapper methods, and (iii) seven embedded methods for the comparison of model performance of the WQI. In total, fifteen combinations (subsets) of water quality indicators were constructed, and WQI values were calculated for each combination using the improvement methodology for coastal water quality. The WQI model's performance was tested using nine machine-learning algorithms, which validated the model's performance using various metrics. The results indicated that the tree-based random forest algorithm could be effective for selecting crucial water quality indicators in terms of assessing coastal water. Deep neural network algorithm showed better performance for predicting coastal water quality more accurately incorporating the subset of the random forest.
Original languageEnglish
Article number135671
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Issue number1
Early online date19 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2023


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