Assessing representativeness of a rural Australian clinical database using a spatial modelling approach

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

Abstract

It is generally recognized that people in rural Australia and world-wide do worse in terms of health outcomes compared to the urban population. Epidemiological studies rely on large datasets obtained through national surveys but efforts to survey rural populations usually result in small datasets. Hence small datasets are often disregarded even if they are the only source of health data available to study health outcomes at the local level. The main criticism is usually lack of representativeness of the general population. In this study, a spatial modelling approach was developed to assess the representativeness of a rural Australian clinical database. We compared two methods commonly used in health geography, namely Generalized Additive Models and the spatial scan statistic. Both methods were shown to have strengths that can be exploited to detect underrepresentation of a small health dataset. We concluded that our participant data are largely representative of the underlying population and highlight focus areas for further participant recruitment, allowing disease cluster mapping to with confidence, even on the small dataset.
LanguageEnglish
Title of book or conference publicationEMBEC and NBC 2017 Conference Proceedings
EditorsHannu Eskola , Outi Väisänen, Jari Viik, Jari Hyttinen
PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd.
Pages932-935
Number of pages4
Volume65
ISBN (Print)9789811051210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventEMBEC & NBC 2017: Joint Conference of the European Medical and Biological Engineering Conference (EMBEC) and the Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics (NBC) - Tampere Hall, Tampere, Finland
Duration: 11 Jun 201715 Jun 2017
https://embec2017.org/ (Conference website)
https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-981-10-5122-7 (Conference proceedings)

Conference

ConferenceEMBEC & NBC 2017
CountryFinland
CityTampere
Period11/06/1715/06/17
OtherIt is our pleasure to invite you to the joint conference of the European Medical and Biological Engineering Conference (EMBEC) and the Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics (NBC), in Tampere, Finland, in June 2017. These two long running conferences are now combined for the first time with aim to build a truly cross-discipline conference. We aim to present all traditional BMES and BME areas, but also highlight new emerging fields, such as tissue engineering, bioinformatics, biosensing, neurotechnology, additive manufacturing technologies for medicine and biology, and bioimaging, to name a few. Moreover, we will emphasize the role of education, translational research, and commercialization.The scientific and social program at EMBEC’17 & NBC’17 provides an excellent platform for engineers, physicists, biologists, and clinical experts to enhance our knowledge and scientific achievements by bridging complementary disciplines and new findings into an interactive and attractive forum.
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Whitsed, R., Horta, A., & Jelinek, H. F. (2018). Assessing representativeness of a rural Australian clinical database using a spatial modelling approach. In H. Eskola , O. Väisänen, J. Viik, & J. Hyttinen (Eds.), EMBEC and NBC 2017 Conference Proceedings (Vol. 65, pp. 932-935). Springer-Verlag London Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5122-7_233
Whitsed, R. ; Horta, A. ; Jelinek, H. F. / Assessing representativeness of a rural Australian clinical database using a spatial modelling approach. EMBEC and NBC 2017 Conference Proceedings. editor / Hannu Eskola ; Outi Väisänen ; Jari Viik ; Jari Hyttinen. Vol. 65 Springer-Verlag London Ltd., 2018. pp. 932-935
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Whitsed, R, Horta, A & Jelinek, HF 2018, Assessing representativeness of a rural Australian clinical database using a spatial modelling approach. in H Eskola , O Väisänen, J Viik & J Hyttinen (eds), EMBEC and NBC 2017 Conference Proceedings. vol. 65, Springer-Verlag London Ltd., pp. 932-935, EMBEC & NBC 2017, Tampere, Finland, 11/06/17. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5122-7_233

Assessing representativeness of a rural Australian clinical database using a spatial modelling approach. / Whitsed, R.; Horta, A.; Jelinek, H. F.

EMBEC and NBC 2017 Conference Proceedings. ed. / Hannu Eskola ; Outi Väisänen; Jari Viik; Jari Hyttinen. Vol. 65 Springer-Verlag London Ltd., 2018. p. 932-935.

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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Whitsed R, Horta A, Jelinek HF. Assessing representativeness of a rural Australian clinical database using a spatial modelling approach. In Eskola H, Väisänen O, Viik J, Hyttinen J, editors, EMBEC and NBC 2017 Conference Proceedings. Vol. 65. Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2018. p. 932-935 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5122-7_233