Association of maternal depression with dietary intake, growth, and development of preterm infants: a cohort study in Beijing, China

Han Wang, Hong Zhou, Yan Zhang, Yan Wang, Jing Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to explore the association of maternal depression with nutrient intake, growth, and development of preterm infants. A cohort study of 201 infants was conducted in Beijing. Based on the gestational age of an infant and status of the mother, the infants were divided into four groups: non-depression-fullterm (64), non-depression-preterm (70), depression-fullterm (36), and depression-preterm (31). Data on sociodemographic characteristics, nutritional intake, growth, and developmental status of children at 8 months (corrected ages) were collected using a quantitative questionnaire, a 24-Hour Dietary Recall, anthropometric measurements, and the Bayley-III scale. A multivariate analysis was used to evaluate the effects of maternal depression and preterm birth on infant growth and development. The energy, protein, and carbohydrate intake in the depression group was lower than the recommended amounts. The depression preterm groups indicated the lowest Z-scores for length and weight and the lowest Bayley-III scores. Preterm infants of depressed mothers are at high risks of poor growth and development delay.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-541
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers of Medicine
Volume12
Issue number5
Early online dateNov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2018

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