Australian dingoes are definite hosts of Neospora caninum

Jessica King, Jan Slapeta, David Jenkins, Sarwat E. Al-Qassab, John T. Ellis, Peter A. Windsor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

154 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To provide objective data on the potential role of dingoes (Canis lupus dingo) in the life cycle of Neosporacaninum in Australia, the production of N. caninum oocysts by experimentally infected canids was investigated.Three dingo pups raised in captivity and three domestic dogs were fed tissue from calves infectedwith an Australian isolate of N. caninum, Nc-Nowra. Oocysts of N. caninum, confirmed by species-specificPCR, were shed in low numbers by one dingo pup at 12'14 days p.i. The remaining animals did not shedoocysts. Furthermore, the blood from two out of three dingoes tested positive for DNA of N. caninum usingPCR tests at 14 and 28 days p.i. Oocyst shedding from the intestinal tract of a dingo demonstrates thatdingoes are definitive hosts of N. caninum and horizontal transmission of N. caninum from dingoes to farmanimals and wildlife may occur in Australia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-950
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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