Given the rapid expansion of the therapeutic application of bee and wasp venoms in recent years, it is an opportune time to present this Special Issue on ‘bee and wasp venoms: biological characteristics and therapeutic application’. Modern approaches of venomics have allowed the discovery of venom constituents which were proven to be of pharmacological significance and have opened the way to optimization of therapeutic strategies through the use of active compounds such as melittin, apamin and mastoparan. Recent studies using these compounds have demonstrated diverse mechanisms on a range of conditions. However, further identification of intricate mechanisms, justification of the route of application and formulation of those constituents are essential in the future. Understanding the signalling pathways associated with the compound-mediated in vivo dynamics and further communication between cells at the molecular level will facilitate the development of new therapeutics. It is my hope that this Special Issue will be a source for many years to those interested in the agricultural and pharmacological relevance of bee and wasp venoms.
|Place of Publication||Switzerland|
|Publisher||Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)|
|Number of pages||236|
|Publication status||Published - 03 Feb 2017|