Behavioral medicine: Lifestyle modification advice to control metabolic diseases in a Nigerian rural population

Anayochukwu Anyasodor, Ezekiel Nwose, Ross Richards, Phillip Bwititi, K.A. Digban, V.M. Oguoma, L.I. Mudiaga, E. Aganbi, O. Ojodeme

Research output: Other contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review


Introduction: Lifestyle modification reduces the risk of developing e.g. cardiovascular disease, diabetes and its complications. Lifestyle change is perhaps not fully utilized in Nigeria, yet constitutes a driving force in combating the rising prevalence of metabolic diseases. Hence, this pilot study investigated the extent of lifestyle modification advice in Nigerian adults.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in Ndokwa West, Delta State of Nigeria. Four hundred and eighteen (418) apparently healthy adults aged 18 years and above were sampled. The WHO Stepwise questionnaire on risk assessment was used to elicit information on lifestyle advice from the subjects. Fasting blood glucose was also measured in these individuals, using CardioChek® analyzer.
Results: Few (18.4%) respondents confirmed they were advised to quit tobacco smoking, and 29.3% acknowledged being asked to reduce salt in their diet. However, 33.9% of the subjects reported they were instructed to eat at least five servings of fruits/vegetables each day; and 25%, admitted being encouraged to reduce fats in their diet. Only 30.3% said they were prompted to start or engage in more physical activity, and 27.8% agreed they were admonished to maintain a healthy body weight or lose weight. Of the sampled cohort, 58.9% were hyperglycemic and 41.1%, normal blood glucose level.
Conclusions: There is large number of people who are hyperglycemic and those that may beliving lifestyles that promote metabolic diseases such as diabetes in Nigeria. Future studies need to trail such cohorts to ascertain the extent to which they heed advice on lifestyle modification.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event14th International Conference of Behavioral Medicine (ICBM 2016) - Melbourne, Australia, Australia
Duration: 07 Dec 201610 Dec 2016


Conference14th International Conference of Behavioral Medicine (ICBM 2016)


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