Biodiversity conservation and livelihoods in rural Ghana

Impacts and coping strategies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasingly, conservationists and policy makers are in quest of projects directed towards biodiversity conservation. However, impacts of biodiversity conservation projects tend to be more severe in natural resource-dependent communities with limited livelihood options. This article examines the impacts of a biodiversity conservation project - creation of Kakum Conservation Area (KCA) - on livelihoods of rural people in Ghana, in terms of experiences and adaptive capacity of local communities. The article reveals that the impacts of the KCA project on local livelihoods varied according to proximity to the KCA boundary and the type of crops cultivated, as well as the scale of previous dependence on resources in the KCA. The article indicates that the KCA project would benefit by: (i) understanding the socio-cultural and political contexts influencing rural residents; and (ii) providing alternative livelihoods for communities experiencing the impacts of the KCA. Policy implications are further presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-93
Number of pages15
JournalEnvironmental Development
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015

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coping strategy
Ghana
biodiversity
livelihood
protected area
coping
conservation
community
natural resource
project
crop
natural resources
resource
resident

Cite this

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title = "Biodiversity conservation and livelihoods in rural Ghana: Impacts and coping strategies",
abstract = "Increasingly, conservationists and policy makers are in quest of projects directed towards biodiversity conservation. However, impacts of biodiversity conservation projects tend to be more severe in natural resource-dependent communities with limited livelihood options. This article examines the impacts of a biodiversity conservation project - creation of Kakum Conservation Area (KCA) - on livelihoods of rural people in Ghana, in terms of experiences and adaptive capacity of local communities. The article reveals that the impacts of the KCA project on local livelihoods varied according to proximity to the KCA boundary and the type of crops cultivated, as well as the scale of previous dependence on resources in the KCA. The article indicates that the KCA project would benefit by: (i) understanding the socio-cultural and political contexts influencing rural residents; and (ii) providing alternative livelihoods for communities experiencing the impacts of the KCA. Policy implications are further presented.",
keywords = "Biodiversity conservation, Ecotourism, Ghana, Kakum Conservation Area, Livelihood, Protected areas",
author = "Patrick Cobbinah and Rosemary Black and Richard Thwaites",
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T2 - Impacts and coping strategies

AU - Cobbinah, Patrick

AU - Black, Rosemary

AU - Thwaites, Richard

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = July; Journal title (773t) = Environmental Development. ISSNs: 2211-4645;

PY - 2015/7

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AB - Increasingly, conservationists and policy makers are in quest of projects directed towards biodiversity conservation. However, impacts of biodiversity conservation projects tend to be more severe in natural resource-dependent communities with limited livelihood options. This article examines the impacts of a biodiversity conservation project - creation of Kakum Conservation Area (KCA) - on livelihoods of rural people in Ghana, in terms of experiences and adaptive capacity of local communities. The article reveals that the impacts of the KCA project on local livelihoods varied according to proximity to the KCA boundary and the type of crops cultivated, as well as the scale of previous dependence on resources in the KCA. The article indicates that the KCA project would benefit by: (i) understanding the socio-cultural and political contexts influencing rural residents; and (ii) providing alternative livelihoods for communities experiencing the impacts of the KCA. Policy implications are further presented.

KW - Biodiversity conservation

KW - Ecotourism

KW - Ghana

KW - Kakum Conservation Area

KW - Livelihood

KW - Protected areas

U2 - 10.1016/j.envdev.2015.04.006

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JF - Environmental Development

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ER -