Biological control of weeds in the tropics and sustainability

R. Muniappan, G. V. P. Reddy, Anantanarayanan Raman

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


Classical biological control is the best among the viable options for sustainable management of invasive weeds, especially where other technologies such as chemical and mechanical control are unacceptable due to cost and adverse impact on the environment. Available cost--benefit ratios for biological control trials made for some of the most serious weeds indicate that classical biological control has given the highest returns for the monies spent.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiological control of tropical weeds using arthropods
EditorsRangaswamy Muniappan
Place of PublicationCambridge, UK
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9780521877916
Publication statusPublished - 2009


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