In this article, we raise ethical concerns about the potential misuse of open-source biology (OSB): biological research and development that progresses through an organisational model of radical openness, deskilling, and innovation. We compare this organisational structure to that of the open-source software model, and detail salient ethical implications of this model. We demonstrate that OSB, in virtue of its commitment to openness, may be resistant to governance attempts.
Evans, N., & Selgelid, M. (2015). Biosecurity and open-source biology: the promise and peril of distributed synthetic biological technologies. Science and Engineering Ethics, 21(4), 1065-1083. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-014-9591-3