We summarize some relevant highlights of Nepal’s rich biodiversity and provide explanations for this pattern in associated watersheds. A brief history of ornithological research in Nepal is included, as well as a summary of nationally and globally threatened birds and how their threat levels are changing. We also present which threats birds are facing and present a good selection of the many conservation initiatives being taken to address these problems taking watershed status into account. Human population increase associates with species being listed as endangered. Threats to wetland birds and to their habitat are the biggest in terms of number, type and extent. The most important wetlands for Nepal birds lie in the lowlands and lower hills, and most of these lie outside the protected areas’ system.
|Title of host publication||Hindu Kush-Himalaya watersheds downhill|
|Subtitle of host publication||Landscape ecology and conservation perspectives|
|Editors||Ganga Ram Regmi, Falk Huettmann|
|Place of Publication||Cham, Switzerland|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing AG|
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 05 May 2020|