Black and pale swallow-wort (Vincetoxicum nigrum and V. rossicum): The biology and ecology of two perennial, exotic and invasive vines

Cameron Douglass, Leslie Weston, Antonio DiTommaso

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter

Abstract

This paper provides a review and synthesis of the biology and ecology of the two swallow-wort species as related to their invasiveness, including (i) a discussion of characteristics and patterns of their respective invasions and infestations in New York, (ii) possible reasons for invasion success in these species, (iii) potential management strategies, and (iv) future research priorities. Black and pale swallow-wort are invasive perennial vines that were introduced over a hundred years ago into North America. Currently both species are on statewide lists of banned or prohibited plant species in Connecticut, Massachusetts and New Hampshire; black swallow-wort is classified as a 'noxious' weed in Vermont (USDA Plants Database 2008). Like many invasive species, the two swallow-worts exhibit numerous attributes of ideal weeds (Baker 1974). That is, they are strong competitors for available and sometimes scarce resources, are prolific reproducers and can significantly alter invaded habitats (Ernst and Cappuccino 2005; Greipsson and DiTommaso 2006; Smith 2006).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationManagement of Invasive Weeds
EditorsS. Inderjit
Place of PublicationUSA
PublisherSpringer
Pages261-278
Number of pages18
Volume5
Edition13
ISBN (Print)9781402092015
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Black and pale swallow-wort (Vincetoxicum nigrum and V. rossicum): The biology and ecology of two perennial, exotic and invasive vines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Douglass, C., Weston, L., & DiTommaso, A. (2009). Black and pale swallow-wort (Vincetoxicum nigrum and V. rossicum): The biology and ecology of two perennial, exotic and invasive vines. In S. Inderjit (Ed.), Management of Invasive Weeds (13 ed., Vol. 5, pp. 261-278). Springer.