This paper provides a review and synthesis of the biology and ecology of the two swallow-wort species as related to their invasiveness, including (i) a discussion of characteristics and patterns of their respective invasions and infestations in New York, (ii) possible reasons for invasion success in these species, (iii) potential management strategies, and (iv) future research priorities. Black and pale swallow-wort are invasive perennial vines that were introduced over a hundred years ago into North America. Currently both species are on statewide lists of banned or prohibited plant species in Connecticut, Massachusetts and New Hampshire; black swallow-wort is classified as a 'noxious' weed in Vermont (USDA Plants Database 2008). Like many invasive species, the two swallow-worts exhibit numerous attributes of ideal weeds (Baker 1974). That is, they are strong competitors for available and sometimes scarce resources, are prolific reproducers and can significantly alter invaded habitats (Ernst and Cappuccino 2005; Greipsson and DiTommaso 2006; Smith 2006).
|Title of host publication||Management of Invasive Weeds|
|Place of Publication||USA|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|