BOO-ST and CBCEC: Two novel hybrid machine learning methods aim to reduce the mortality of heart failure patients

Ananda Sutradhar, Mustahsin Al Rafi, F. M.Javed Mehedi Shamrat, Pronab Ghosh, Subrata Das, Md Anaytul Islam, Kawsar Ahmed, Xujuan Zhou, A. K.M. Azad, Salem A. Alyami, Mohammad Ali Moni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Machine learning (ML) approaches have shown potential as an early detection tool for improving patient outcomes. Enhancing the effectiveness and clinical applicability of the ML model necessitates training an efficient classifier with a diverse set of high-quality datasets. Hence, we proposed two novel hybrid ML methods ((a) consisting of Boosting, SMOTE, and Tomek links (BOO-ST); (b) combining the best-performing conventional classifier with ensemble classifiers (CBCEC)) to serve as an efficient early warning system for HF mortality. The BOO-ST was introduced to tackle the challenge of class imbalance, while CBCEC was responsible for training the processed and selected features derived from the Feature Importance (FI) and Information Gain (IG) feature selection techniques. We also conducted an explicit and intuitive comprehension to explore the impact of potential characteristics correlating with the fatality cases of HF. The experimental results demonstrated the proposed classifier CBCEC showcases a significant accuracy of 93.67% in terms of providing the early forecasting of HF mortality. Therefore, we can reveal that our proposed aspects (BOO-ST and CBCEC) can be able to play a crucial role in preventing the death rate of HF and reducing stress in the healthcare sector.
Original languageEnglish
Article number22874
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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