Bovine Tuberculosis (bTB): Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors in Large Ruminants in the Central Zone of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Asadullah Khan, Umer Sadique, Sultan Ayaz, Muhammad Qureshi, Imad Khan, Ibadullah Jan, Irfan Khattak, Raheela Taj, Sahar Nigar, Naimat Ullah Khan, Mumtaz Ali Khan, Muhammad Luqman Suhail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) among large ruminants of the five districts (Peshawar, Nowshera, Charsadda, Mardan and Swabi) located in the central zone of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan. A total of 2400 large ruminants were sampled by convenience sampling approach and tested by comparative cervical intradermal tuberculin test (CCIT) for detection of Mycobacterium bovis infection. Data regarding socio-demographic status, risk factors and farming practices were gathered through a pre-form questionnaire. Results revealed that prevalence of bovine tuberculosis was 5.88%. Statistical analysis revealed significant association of age (OR= 3.267; CI = 1.686-6.331) and herd size (OR = 2.600; CI = 1.421-4.760) with CCIT positivity. Similarly, induction of new animals into the herd (OR= 2.661; CI = 1.758-4.028) and sheltering the animals at night (OR= 2.448; CI = 1.568-3.882) also showed association with a positive skin test. The herd owners and animal handlers had poor knowledge regarding signs, symptoms and the zoonotic nature of the infection. Three primary signs (persistent cough, weight loss and fever) were recognized by 4.7% of respondents including herd owners, herders and animal handlers. This study calls for instant measures for disease control among the animals and humans of the study area, and highlight the need for farmer education regarding bovine tuberculosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-133
Number of pages7
JournalPakistan Journal of Zoology
Volume51
Issue number1
Early online date19 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Bovine Tuberculosis (bTB): Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors in Large Ruminants in the Central Zone of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Khan, A., Sadique, U., Ayaz, S., Qureshi, M., Khan, I., Jan, I., Khattak, I., Taj, R., Nigar, S., Khan, N. U., Khan, M. A., & Suhail, M. L. (2019). Bovine Tuberculosis (bTB): Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors in Large Ruminants in the Central Zone of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 51(1), 127-133. https://doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjz/2019.51.1.127.133