Brucella suis in three dogs: Presentation, diagnosis and clinical management

C. C. Kneipp, A. M. Rose, J. Robson, R. Malik, A. T. Deutscher, A. K. Wiethoelter, S. M. Mor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
76 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Brucella suis is an emerging, zoonotic disease predominantly affecting dogs and humans that engage in feral pig hunting in Australia and other countries. Although B. suis infection in dogs shares some clinical similarities to the host-adapted species (B. canis), B. suis remains an incompletely understood pathogen in dogs with limited published data on its pathogenesis and clinical features. This case series describes the presentations, diagnosis, and clinical management of B. suis infection in three dogs: (1) a bitch with dystocia, abortion and mastitis; (2) an entire male dog with septic arthritis and presumptive osteomyelitis; and (3) a castrated male dog with lymphadenitis. Unique features of these cases are reported including the first documented detection of B. suis from milk and isolation from lymph nodes of canine patients, as well as the follow-up of pups born to a B. suis-infected bitch. Consistent with previous reports, all three dogs showed a favourable clinical response to combination antibiotic therapy with rifampicin and doxycycline. Individually tailored drug regimens were required based on the clinical presentation and other factors, including owner expectations and compliance with therapy as well as a zoonotic risk assessment (generally considered low, except around time of whelping). The authors include their recommendations for the clinical management of dogs that are at-risk or seropositive for B. suis with or without clinical signs or laboratory-confirmed infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-141
Number of pages9
JournalAustralian Veterinary Journal
Volume101
Issue number4
Early online date19 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

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