Can a small differential in canopy temperature influence performance of Semillon in a vineyard?

Dennis H. Greer, Mark M. Weedon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vegetative and reproductive growth responses of vineyard-grown Vitis vinifera cv. Semillon vines to canopy temperatures were followed. Canopies were controlled at means of 29.8°C, 31.5°C and 32.7°C. Stem and leaf growth were affected; length and canopy leaf area was maximal in the warmest treatment and smallest in the coolest treatment. Accumulation of biomass of leaves, stems and bunches was highest in the coolest treatment and lowest in warm conditions. Berry expansion was affected by treatment temperatures but most reduced in the warm treatment, whereas accumulation of sugar in the berries was highest in the coolest treatment. There were treatment differences in yield, with a marked reduction in the warm treatment. Clearly, there were detrimental growth responses to the higher temperatures. The temperature differential between treatments of 3°C was comparable with what might occur with climate change and the study shows such a difference can be detrimental to vine growth and development.
LanguageEnglish
Pages63-82
Number of pages20
JournalNew Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science
Volume47
Issue number1
Early online date19 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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vineyard
vineyards
vine
canopy
growth response
stem
vines
small fruits
temperature
growth and development
leaf area
stems
sugar
Vitis vinifera
leaves
biomass production
climate change
biomass
sugars

Cite this

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abstract = "Vegetative and reproductive growth responses of vineyard-grown Vitis vinifera cv. Semillon vines to canopy temperatures were followed. Canopies were controlled at means of 29.8°C, 31.5°C and 32.7°C. Stem and leaf growth were affected; length and canopy leaf area was maximal in the warmest treatment and smallest in the coolest treatment. Accumulation of biomass of leaves, stems and bunches was highest in the coolest treatment and lowest in warm conditions. Berry expansion was affected by treatment temperatures but most reduced in the warm treatment, whereas accumulation of sugar in the berries was highest in the coolest treatment. There were treatment differences in yield, with a marked reduction in the warm treatment. Clearly, there were detrimental growth responses to the higher temperatures. The temperature differential between treatments of 3°C was comparable with what might occur with climate change and the study shows such a difference can be detrimental to vine growth and development.",
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Can a small differential in canopy temperature influence performance of Semillon in a vineyard? / Greer, Dennis H.; Weedon, Mark M.

In: New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, Vol. 47, No. 1, 2019, p. 63-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Weedon, Mark M.

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