Canary Island Date Palms (Phoenix canariensis) in the Australian media until World War II

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Phoenix canariensis is a dioecious plant, solely propagated by seed (Barrow, 1998), which reaches its reproductive maturity and first flowers after six to seven years. In its natural setting, the palm will grow to about 18–20m (maximum 30m) in height (Bois,1918), with a crown diameter of 10-12m, made up of in excess of 200 arching, pinnate fronds. Unless affected by disease of pests,the plant can live for 200-300 years, with a specimen in excess of 400 years on record (Bois, 1918, p. 43). In its natural distribution, the plantis endemic to the Canary Islands, where it has been recorded from most islands (Saro, González-Pérez, García-Verdugo, & Sosa, 2014). P. canariensis was quickly and widely dispersed during the second half of the ninetieth century as a horticultural feature plant and street tree, as ready means to provide an exotic flair to a place (Spennemann, subm.; Zona, 2008). Today the palm is distributed globally in warm temperate zones (Spennemann, 2018a).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16–27
Number of pages12
JournalPalms & Cycads
Issue numberJuly-September
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2018

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