Canine elbow dysplasia: Aetiopathogenesis and current treatment recommendations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elbow dysplasia is a common debilitating condition of large and giant breed dogs. Environmental factors and a complex genetic heritability play a role in predisposing dogs to elbow dysplasia with two aetiopathogeneses suggested for the development of the disease. Osteochondrosis was initially thought to cause elbow dysplasia, but more recent evidence has strongly supported various forms of joint incongruity as the most likely cause in most cases. Radioulnar length discrepancies and humeroulnar curvature mismatch have been implicated as the cause of medial coronoid disease and ununited anconeal process, but radial incisure incongruity and biceps/brachialis muscle forces could possibly play a role in some dogs.Treatment of elbow dysplasia should address articular pathology, such as fragmented coronoid process, osteochondrosis, cartilage damage and ununited anconeal process as well as any identified underlying causes. Finally, several palliative procedures have been developed to address more advanced elbow disease and might offer improved outcomes compared to conventional medical management.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-19
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume196
Issue number1
Early online dateDec 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

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elbows
Elbow
Canidae
dogs
Osteochondrosis
osteochondrosis
Dogs
Joints
dog breeds
cartilage
Cartilage
heritability
Pathology
Muscles
muscles
environmental factors

Cite this

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title = "Canine elbow dysplasia: Aetiopathogenesis and current treatment recommendations",
abstract = "Elbow dysplasia is a common debilitating condition of large and giant breed dogs. Environmental factors and a complex genetic heritability play a role in predisposing dogs to elbow dysplasia with two aetiopathogeneses suggested for the development of the disease. Osteochondrosis was initially thought to cause elbow dysplasia, but more recent evidence has strongly supported various forms of joint incongruity as the most likely cause in most cases. Radioulnar length discrepancies and humeroulnar curvature mismatch have been implicated as the cause of medial coronoid disease and ununited anconeal process, but radial incisure incongruity and biceps/brachialis muscle forces could possibly play a role in some dogs.Treatment of elbow dysplasia should address articular pathology, such as fragmented coronoid process, osteochondrosis, cartilage damage and ununited anconeal process as well as any identified underlying causes. Finally, several palliative procedures have been developed to address more advanced elbow disease and might offer improved outcomes compared to conventional medical management.",
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Canine elbow dysplasia : Aetiopathogenesis and current treatment recommendations. / Michelsen, Jacob.

In: Veterinary Journal, Vol. 196, No. 1, 04.2013, p. 12-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Michelsen, Jacob

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