Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market

An African Perspective

Umar Mustapha, Richard Culas

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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Abstract

In the advent of the African food crisis in 2007, much attention has been focused on the food price variability in Africa in order to restrain the negative effects of price fluctuations. This paper assesses the impact of increased agriculture commodity price variability and instability in developing countries. It also attempts to understand the magnitude of the current situation in terms of the consequences brought about by food price variability, with special attention given to Africa where the largest number of the world’s hungry people lives. Using appropriate research methodology, of quantitative macro-scale analysis, which is based on extensive evaluation of secondary data generated from reputable sources, the study found that food prices in Africa has been influenced not by one or two factors but a confluence of events that were previously given less importance in agriculture and rural development planning â€Â' unbridled population growth, oil price fluctuations, importation policies, water availability and political instability. Statistically significant result was found in analyzing the impact of water resources on food prices indicating the importance of investment in irrigation to increase the food yield and thus, address the problem of food shortage for the rapidly increasing population. This suggests the need to improve the dominant farming system in Africa to more sustainable practices. The effects of food price variability have been seen to exacerbate the already alarming undernourishment rate and death rate in certain regions in Africa. Increasing government subsidy on imported food could provide immediate solution to the hunger problems in Africa, however, it is recommended to increase government investment on local agriculture in order to bring about food sustainability in Africa in the long run.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationACE2013
Subtitle of host publicationBeyond the frontiers: New directions in economics
Place of PublicationMurdoch University
PublisherThe Economic Society of Australia
Pages1-26
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9781921877124
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventAustralian Conference of Economists - Murdoch University, Perth, Australia, Australia
Duration: 07 Jul 201310 Jul 2013

Conference

ConferenceAustralian Conference of Economists
CountryAustralia
Period07/07/1310/07/13

Fingerprint

Africa
Agricultural commodities
Commodity markets
Food prices
Food
Agriculture
Fluctuations
Sustainability
Evaluation
Political instability
Death rate
Secondary data
Government subsidies
Factors
Development planning
Oil prices
Shortage
Rural development
Farming systems
Food crisis

Cite this

Mustapha, U., & Culas, R. (2013). Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market: An African Perspective. In ACE2013: Beyond the frontiers: New directions in economics (pp. 1-26). Murdoch University: The Economic Society of Australia.
Mustapha, Umar ; Culas, Richard. / Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market : An African Perspective. ACE2013: Beyond the frontiers: New directions in economics. Murdoch University : The Economic Society of Australia, 2013. pp. 1-26
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Mustapha, U & Culas, R 2013, Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market: An African Perspective. in ACE2013: Beyond the frontiers: New directions in economics. The Economic Society of Australia, Murdoch University, pp. 1-26, Australian Conference of Economists, Australia, 07/07/13.

Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market : An African Perspective. / Mustapha, Umar; Culas, Richard.

ACE2013: Beyond the frontiers: New directions in economics. Murdoch University : The Economic Society of Australia, 2013. p. 1-26.

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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PY - 2013

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N2 - In the advent of the African food crisis in 2007, much attention has been focused on the food price variability in Africa in order to restrain the negative effects of price fluctuations. This paper assesses the impact of increased agriculture commodity price variability and instability in developing countries. It also attempts to understand the magnitude of the current situation in terms of the consequences brought about by food price variability, with special attention given to Africa where the largest number of the world’s hungry people lives. Using appropriate research methodology, of quantitative macro-scale analysis, which is based on extensive evaluation of secondary data generated from reputable sources, the study found that food prices in Africa has been influenced not by one or two factors but a confluence of events that were previously given less importance in agriculture and rural development planning â€Â' unbridled population growth, oil price fluctuations, importation policies, water availability and political instability. Statistically significant result was found in analyzing the impact of water resources on food prices indicating the importance of investment in irrigation to increase the food yield and thus, address the problem of food shortage for the rapidly increasing population. This suggests the need to improve the dominant farming system in Africa to more sustainable practices. The effects of food price variability have been seen to exacerbate the already alarming undernourishment rate and death rate in certain regions in Africa. Increasing government subsidy on imported food could provide immediate solution to the hunger problems in Africa, however, it is recommended to increase government investment on local agriculture in order to bring about food sustainability in Africa in the long run.

AB - In the advent of the African food crisis in 2007, much attention has been focused on the food price variability in Africa in order to restrain the negative effects of price fluctuations. This paper assesses the impact of increased agriculture commodity price variability and instability in developing countries. It also attempts to understand the magnitude of the current situation in terms of the consequences brought about by food price variability, with special attention given to Africa where the largest number of the world’s hungry people lives. Using appropriate research methodology, of quantitative macro-scale analysis, which is based on extensive evaluation of secondary data generated from reputable sources, the study found that food prices in Africa has been influenced not by one or two factors but a confluence of events that were previously given less importance in agriculture and rural development planning â€Â' unbridled population growth, oil price fluctuations, importation policies, water availability and political instability. Statistically significant result was found in analyzing the impact of water resources on food prices indicating the importance of investment in irrigation to increase the food yield and thus, address the problem of food shortage for the rapidly increasing population. This suggests the need to improve the dominant farming system in Africa to more sustainable practices. The effects of food price variability have been seen to exacerbate the already alarming undernourishment rate and death rate in certain regions in Africa. Increasing government subsidy on imported food could provide immediate solution to the hunger problems in Africa, however, it is recommended to increase government investment on local agriculture in order to bring about food sustainability in Africa in the long run.

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PB - The Economic Society of Australia

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ER -

Mustapha U, Culas R. Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market: An African Perspective. In ACE2013: Beyond the frontiers: New directions in economics. Murdoch University: The Economic Society of Australia. 2013. p. 1-26