Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is an important regulator of adipose tissue homeostasis. In the present study we examined the impact of CAV1 deficiency on the properties of mouse adipose tissue both in vivo and in explant cultures during conditions of metabolic stress. In CAV12/2 mice fasting caused loss of adipose tissue mass despite a lack of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) phosphorylation. In addition, fasting resulted in increased macrophage infiltration, enhanced deposition of collagen,and a reduction in the level of the lipid droplet protein perilipin A (PLIN1a). Explant cultures of CAV12/2 adipose tissue also showed a loss of PLIN1a during culture, enhanced secretion of IL-6, increased release of lactate dehydrogenase, and demonstrated increased susceptibility to cell death upon collagenase treatment.
Martin, S., Fernandez-Rojo, M. A., Stanley, A. C., Bastiani, M., Okano, S., Nixon, S. J., Thomas, G., Stow, J. L., & Parton, R. G. (2012). Caveolin-1 deficiency leads to increased susceptibility to cell death and fibrosis in white adipose tissue: characterization of a lipodystrophic model. PLoS One, 7(9), 1-9. [e46242]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046242