Challenges and difficulties faced in low- and middle-income countries during COVID-19

Md Moyazzem Hossain, Faruq Abdulla, Azizur Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
39 Downloads (Pure)


The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, has created a severe threat to global human health. We are extremely lucky because within the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, scientists developed a number of vaccines against COVID-19. In this paper, the authors discuss the difficulties and challenges faced in different low-and middle-income countries due to the ongoing pandemic.

Study design and methods
This research is primarily based on secondary data and existing literature reviews. The authors use maps and graphical representations to show information about vaccination coverage.

The lacking vaccination coverage and insufficient supply of oxygen tanks in hospitals of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) raise the likelihood of death of the critical COVID-19 patients. Developed countries vaccinate their citizens more quickly than LMICs. In comparison to wealthy countries, LMICs usually lack the resources and capacity to obtain the required vaccination doses.

It is frequently observed that hospitals in low- and middle-income nations with a dearth of oxygen tanks result in increased suffering and mortality. To avoid a worldwide disaster, LMICs urgently require COVID-19 vaccinations since viruses have no borders, and no one is safe until everyone is protected in our interconnected world. Therefore, more national and international collaborative supports are urgently necessary for LMICs in this regard.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100082
Number of pages6
JournalHealth Policy OPEN
Issue number2022
Early online date08 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


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