Changes in physicochemical and gut microbiota fermentation property induced by acetylation of polysaccharides from Cyperus esculentus

Meiyu Yuan, Sheng Ke, Anqi Wang, Xuanyu Wang, Min Zhuang, Ming Ning, Zhongkai Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, the impact of acetylation on physicochemical, digestive behavior and fermentation characteristics of Cyperus esculentus polysaccharides (CEP) was investigated. Results indicated that the acetylation led the molecules to be more likely aggregated, followed by a higher crystallinity, a lower apparent viscosity and a higher ratio of G" to G' (tan δ). Importantly, the acetylated polysaccharides (ACEP) had a lower digestibility, but its molecular weight was lower than that of original polysaccharides (CEP) following a simulated saliva-gastrointestinal digestion. Gut microbiota fermentation indicated that both polysaccharides generated outstanding short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), in which the acetylated polysaccharides had a faster fermentation kinetics than the original one, followed by a quicker reduction of pH and a more accumulation of SCFAs, particularly butyrate. Fermentation of both polysaccharides promoted Akkermansia, followed by a reduced richness of Klebsiella. Importantly, the current study revealed that the fermentation of acetylated polysaccharides enriched Parabacteroides, while fermentation of original ones promoted Bifidobacterium, for indicating their individual fermentation characteristics and gut environmental benefits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131172
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume267
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2024

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