Changing livestock numbers and farm management to improve the livelihood of farmers in Desert steppe and to rehabilitate grassland condition: A case study in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Guodong Han, Na Li, Mengli Zhao, Min Zhang, Zhongwu Wang, Zhiguo Li, Weijie Bai, Randall Jones, David Kemp, Taro Takahashi, David Michalk

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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Abstract

China's northern and western grasslands support the livelihoods of 40 million people, many from ethnic minorities. Income levels are among the lowest of any Chinese farmers. More than 90% of these grasslands are degraded, resulting in other environmental problems that include frequent dust storms and declining biodiversity. Numerous reasons for grassland degradation have been canvassed for many years. High stocking rates are recognised as one of the more powerful factors affecting grassland utilisation and livestock production. This paper analyses the current farm conditions and relevant environment parameters, and presents the results of a modelling study of a livestock production based on the farming system in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, in western China. Siziwang is located on the desert steppe grassland ecosystem (300 mm average annual rainfall, 1,450 m altitude on the Mongolian Plateau, which extends into Mongolia). This study indicates that improving flock management and structure should lead to not only an increase in livestock productivity and whole-farm returns but also the rehabilitation of grasslands through significant and profitable reductions in stocking rates. Sustainable and profitable livestock production based on grasslands can be achieved in Siziwang and arguably across much of Inner Mongolia, complementing a range of Chinese Government policy initiatives.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDevelopment of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008
EditorsD.R. Kemp, D.L. Michalk
Place of PublicationCanberra, A.C.T
PublisherAustralian Centre for International Agricultural Research
Pages80-96
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781921615456
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventXXI International Grassland Congress and VIII International Rangeland Congress - Hohhot, China, Hohhot, China
Duration: 28 Jun 200828 Jun 2008

Conference

ConferenceXXI International Grassland Congress and VIII International Rangeland Congress
CountryChina
CityHohhot
Period28/06/0828/06/08

Fingerprint

farm management
livelihood
steppes
deserts
livestock
grasslands
farmers
case studies
China
livestock production
stocking rate
dust storms
farms
rehabilitation (people)
Mongolia
flocks
plateaus
income
farming systems
biodiversity

Cite this

Han, G., Li, N., Zhao, M., Zhang, M., Wang, Z., Li, Z., ... Michalk, D. (2011). Changing livestock numbers and farm management to improve the livelihood of farmers in Desert steppe and to rehabilitate grassland condition: A case study in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. In D. R. Kemp, & D. L. Michalk (Eds.), Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China: Proceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008 (pp. 80-96). Canberra, A.C.T: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research.
Han, Guodong ; Li, Na ; Zhao, Mengli ; Zhang, Min ; Wang, Zhongwu ; Li, Zhiguo ; Bai, Weijie ; Jones, Randall ; Kemp, David ; Takahashi, Taro ; Michalk, David. / Changing livestock numbers and farm management to improve the livelihood of farmers in Desert steppe and to rehabilitate grassland condition : A case study in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China: Proceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008. editor / D.R. Kemp ; D.L. Michalk. Canberra, A.C.T : Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 2011. pp. 80-96
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title = "Changing livestock numbers and farm management to improve the livelihood of farmers in Desert steppe and to rehabilitate grassland condition: A case study in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region",
abstract = "China's northern and western grasslands support the livelihoods of 40 million people, many from ethnic minorities. Income levels are among the lowest of any Chinese farmers. More than 90{\%} of these grasslands are degraded, resulting in other environmental problems that include frequent dust storms and declining biodiversity. Numerous reasons for grassland degradation have been canvassed for many years. High stocking rates are recognised as one of the more powerful factors affecting grassland utilisation and livestock production. This paper analyses the current farm conditions and relevant environment parameters, and presents the results of a modelling study of a livestock production based on the farming system in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, in western China. Siziwang is located on the desert steppe grassland ecosystem (300 mm average annual rainfall, 1,450 m altitude on the Mongolian Plateau, which extends into Mongolia). This study indicates that improving flock management and structure should lead to not only an increase in livestock productivity and whole-farm returns but also the rehabilitation of grasslands through significant and profitable reductions in stocking rates. Sustainable and profitable livestock production based on grasslands can be achieved in Siziwang and arguably across much of Inner Mongolia, complementing a range of Chinese Government policy initiatives.",
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Han, G, Li, N, Zhao, M, Zhang, M, Wang, Z, Li, Z, Bai, W, Jones, R, Kemp, D, Takahashi, T & Michalk, D 2011, Changing livestock numbers and farm management to improve the livelihood of farmers in Desert steppe and to rehabilitate grassland condition: A case study in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. in DR Kemp & DL Michalk (eds), Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China: Proceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, A.C.T, pp. 80-96, XXI International Grassland Congress and VIII International Rangeland Congress, Hohhot, China, 28/06/08.

Changing livestock numbers and farm management to improve the livelihood of farmers in Desert steppe and to rehabilitate grassland condition : A case study in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. / Han, Guodong; Li, Na; Zhao, Mengli; Zhang, Min; Wang, Zhongwu; Li, Zhiguo; Bai, Weijie; Jones, Randall; Kemp, David; Takahashi, Taro; Michalk, David.

Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China: Proceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008. ed. / D.R. Kemp; D.L. Michalk. Canberra, A.C.T : Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 2011. p. 80-96.

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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N1 - Imported on 03 May 2017 - DigiTool details were: publisher = Canberra, A.C.T: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 2011. editor/s (773b) = D R Kemp and D L Michalk; Event dates (773o) = 28 June 2008; Parent title (773t) = Joint Meeting of the International Grassland Congress (IGC) and International Rangeland Congress (IRC).

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N2 - China's northern and western grasslands support the livelihoods of 40 million people, many from ethnic minorities. Income levels are among the lowest of any Chinese farmers. More than 90% of these grasslands are degraded, resulting in other environmental problems that include frequent dust storms and declining biodiversity. Numerous reasons for grassland degradation have been canvassed for many years. High stocking rates are recognised as one of the more powerful factors affecting grassland utilisation and livestock production. This paper analyses the current farm conditions and relevant environment parameters, and presents the results of a modelling study of a livestock production based on the farming system in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, in western China. Siziwang is located on the desert steppe grassland ecosystem (300 mm average annual rainfall, 1,450 m altitude on the Mongolian Plateau, which extends into Mongolia). This study indicates that improving flock management and structure should lead to not only an increase in livestock productivity and whole-farm returns but also the rehabilitation of grasslands through significant and profitable reductions in stocking rates. Sustainable and profitable livestock production based on grasslands can be achieved in Siziwang and arguably across much of Inner Mongolia, complementing a range of Chinese Government policy initiatives.

AB - China's northern and western grasslands support the livelihoods of 40 million people, many from ethnic minorities. Income levels are among the lowest of any Chinese farmers. More than 90% of these grasslands are degraded, resulting in other environmental problems that include frequent dust storms and declining biodiversity. Numerous reasons for grassland degradation have been canvassed for many years. High stocking rates are recognised as one of the more powerful factors affecting grassland utilisation and livestock production. This paper analyses the current farm conditions and relevant environment parameters, and presents the results of a modelling study of a livestock production based on the farming system in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, in western China. Siziwang is located on the desert steppe grassland ecosystem (300 mm average annual rainfall, 1,450 m altitude on the Mongolian Plateau, which extends into Mongolia). This study indicates that improving flock management and structure should lead to not only an increase in livestock productivity and whole-farm returns but also the rehabilitation of grasslands through significant and profitable reductions in stocking rates. Sustainable and profitable livestock production based on grasslands can be achieved in Siziwang and arguably across much of Inner Mongolia, complementing a range of Chinese Government policy initiatives.

KW - Open access version available

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BT - Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China

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Han G, Li N, Zhao M, Zhang M, Wang Z, Li Z et al. Changing livestock numbers and farm management to improve the livelihood of farmers in Desert steppe and to rehabilitate grassland condition: A case study in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. In Kemp DR, Michalk DL, editors, Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China: Proceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008. Canberra, A.C.T: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. 2011. p. 80-96