Changing workplace demands: what job ads tell us

Mary Anne Kennan, Fletcher Cole, Patricia Willard, Concepción Wilson, Linda Marion

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

    • 33 Citations

    Abstract

    Purpose This paper analyses job ads as relatively accessible indicators of the knowledge, skills and competencies required of librarians by employers. It then uses a framework provided by the literature on professional jurisdiction to examine what may be trends and shaping factors for the Library and Information Studies (LIS) profession with regard to jurisdiction in a changing information landscape.Design/methodology/approach Job ads were examined in two separate studies; one comparing job ads in Australia and the US over eight weeks in 2004, and the other looking at one month snapshots of Australian job ads in 1974, 1984, 1994 and 2004. The text from the job ads was analysed using a content analysis software package. The literature on professional jurisdiction provided an interpretive framework.Findings The Australian snapshots over time showed that there is an increasing lack of clarity about the skills and competencies required of librarians. The American job ads seemed to rank jurisdictional knowledge and professional qualifications more highly than their Australian counterparts. Interpersonal skills, behavioural characteristics and technical services skills are in demand in both countries.Originality/value In addition to reporting on the knowledge, skills and competencies required of librarians, by applying an interpretive framework from the literature on professional jurisdiction the paper exposes some of the challenges ahead for the LIS profession.Research limitations/implications This research used a small number of sources and a relatively small number of ads. It is acknowledged that job ads are only one source of information about knowledge, skills and competencies.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages179-196
    Number of pages18
    JournalAslib Journal of Information Management
    Volume58
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2006

    Fingerprint

    job demand
    workplace
    jurisdiction
    Software packages
    librarian
    literature
    profession
    source of information
    qualification
    content analysis
    employer
    lack
    demand
    methodology
    trend
    Values
    time
    software

    Cite this

    Kennan, Mary Anne ; Cole, Fletcher ; Willard, Patricia ; Wilson, Concepción ; Marion, Linda. / Changing workplace demands : what job ads tell us. In: Aslib Journal of Information Management. 2006 ; Vol. 58, No. 3. pp. 179-196
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    Kennan, MA, Cole, F, Willard, P, Wilson, C & Marion, L 2006, 'Changing workplace demands: what job ads tell us' Aslib Journal of Information Management, vol 58, no. 3, pp. 179-196. DOI: 10.1108/00012530610677228

    Changing workplace demands : what job ads tell us. / Kennan, Mary Anne; Cole, Fletcher; Willard, Patricia; Wilson, Concepción; Marion, Linda.

    In: Aslib Journal of Information Management, Vol. 58, No. 3, 2006, p. 179-196.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Changing workplace demands

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    AU - Kennan,Mary Anne

    AU - Cole,Fletcher

    AU - Willard,Patricia

    AU - Wilson,Concepción

    AU - Marion,Linda

    N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = 2006; Journal title (773t) = Aslib Proceedings: new information perspectives. ISSNs: 0001-253X;

    PY - 2006

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    N2 - Purpose This paper analyses job ads as relatively accessible indicators of the knowledge, skills and competencies required of librarians by employers. It then uses a framework provided by the literature on professional jurisdiction to examine what may be trends and shaping factors for the Library and Information Studies (LIS) profession with regard to jurisdiction in a changing information landscape.Design/methodology/approach Job ads were examined in two separate studies; one comparing job ads in Australia and the US over eight weeks in 2004, and the other looking at one month snapshots of Australian job ads in 1974, 1984, 1994 and 2004. The text from the job ads was analysed using a content analysis software package. The literature on professional jurisdiction provided an interpretive framework.Findings The Australian snapshots over time showed that there is an increasing lack of clarity about the skills and competencies required of librarians. The American job ads seemed to rank jurisdictional knowledge and professional qualifications more highly than their Australian counterparts. Interpersonal skills, behavioural characteristics and technical services skills are in demand in both countries.Originality/value In addition to reporting on the knowledge, skills and competencies required of librarians, by applying an interpretive framework from the literature on professional jurisdiction the paper exposes some of the challenges ahead for the LIS profession.Research limitations/implications This research used a small number of sources and a relatively small number of ads. It is acknowledged that job ads are only one source of information about knowledge, skills and competencies.

    AB - Purpose This paper analyses job ads as relatively accessible indicators of the knowledge, skills and competencies required of librarians by employers. It then uses a framework provided by the literature on professional jurisdiction to examine what may be trends and shaping factors for the Library and Information Studies (LIS) profession with regard to jurisdiction in a changing information landscape.Design/methodology/approach Job ads were examined in two separate studies; one comparing job ads in Australia and the US over eight weeks in 2004, and the other looking at one month snapshots of Australian job ads in 1974, 1984, 1994 and 2004. The text from the job ads was analysed using a content analysis software package. The literature on professional jurisdiction provided an interpretive framework.Findings The Australian snapshots over time showed that there is an increasing lack of clarity about the skills and competencies required of librarians. The American job ads seemed to rank jurisdictional knowledge and professional qualifications more highly than their Australian counterparts. Interpersonal skills, behavioural characteristics and technical services skills are in demand in both countries.Originality/value In addition to reporting on the knowledge, skills and competencies required of librarians, by applying an interpretive framework from the literature on professional jurisdiction the paper exposes some of the challenges ahead for the LIS profession.Research limitations/implications This research used a small number of sources and a relatively small number of ads. It is acknowledged that job ads are only one source of information about knowledge, skills and competencies.

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    SN - 0001-253X

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    Kennan MA, Cole F, Willard P, Wilson C, Marion L. Changing workplace demands: what job ads tell us. Aslib Journal of Information Management. 2006;58(3):179-196. Available from, DOI: 10.1108/00012530610677228