Characteristics of the Start in Women's World Cup Skeleton

Nicola Bullock, David T Martin, Angus Ross, Doug Rosemond, Terry Holland, Francesco Marino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study characterises key elements of the start in elite female World Cup skeleton athletes. The top 20 female competitors in three World Cup races were video taped within a calibrated space to allow the following components of the start to be quantified: 1) acceleration (velocity at 15-m, time to 15-m), 2) capacity (time to load, total number of steps to load) and 3) load (velocity at 45-m). A correlation analysis was used to establish the relationship between variables of interest and overall start time (15-65 m). Velocity at 15-m accounted for 86% of the variance in overall start time at St. Moritz and 85% at Sigulda. A stepwise regression analysis revealed that ~89% of the variation in start time could be explained by velocity at 15-m, time to load and the velocity at 45-m. These data indicate that rapid acceleration to attain a high velocity at 15-m is the most important component of a fast overall start time of the variables analyzed in this study. The importance of the time to load and velocity at 45-m vary according to the different track characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-360
Number of pages10
JournalSport Biomechanics
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

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    Bullock, N., Martin, D. T., Ross, A., Rosemond, D., Holland, T., & Marino, F. (2008). Characteristics of the Start in Women's World Cup Skeleton. Sport Biomechanics, 7(3), 351-360. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763140802255796