Cognitive Orientation to Daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis: L’approcheCO-OP auprès des enfants atteints de paralysie cérébrale: revue systématique et méta-analyse

Meysam Roostaei, Hamid Dalvand, Mehdi Rassafiani, Greg Kelly, Bahman Razi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance (CO-OP) is a client-centered treatment approach that was developed in the 1990s by occupational therapists. Purpose: Exploring current evidence about the effectiveness of CO-OP on children with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: Major electronic databases were searched. A narrative synthesis of current literature and meta-analyses on randomized control trials (RCTs) were conducted on changes in occupational performance. Findings: Seven studies with 103 participants were included. Four studies were RCTs with moderate levels of evidence, and three studies had single-subject designs. Although beneficial effects of CO-OP on goal achievement and transferring learned skills were reported, meta-analyses showed that CO-OP had no significant effect on the performance (WMD = 1.52, 95% CI = −1.58 to 4.63, P =.33) and satisfaction domains (WMD = 1.71, 95% CI = −1.14 to 4.57, P =.24) of Canadian Occupational Performance Measure scores compared to alternative interventions. Implications: CO-OP improves occupational performance but not more than alternative interventions. Results are inconclusive due to small sample sizes and heterogeneity of alternative interventions and participants. Therefore, research with a larger number of participants with sound RCT methods is needed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCanadian Journal of Occupational Therapy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

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