Abstract

Scientific knowledge—a species of collective knowledge—contributes greatly to human well-being; yet scientific knowledge enables technologies that can be extremely harmful. Accordingly, the question arises as to whether we ought to aim at ignorance and, in particular collective ignorance, rather than scientific knowledge, of certain technologies. We might do this by means of banning certain scientific research, e.g. into biological weapons, and/or by censorship of certain scientific findings. In this chapter I provide a taxonomy of concepts of collective knowledge (e.g. public propositional knowledge, expert practical knowledge) and an account of the related concepts of collective ignorance. In doing so my concern is with the concepts of collective knowledge and ignorance relevant to harmful technology and, especially, scientific knowledge/ignorance in the chemical industry, nuclear sciences, cyber-technology field and biological sciences relevant WMDs—such knowledge/ignorance being salient in discussions of dual use issues.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDual use science and technology, ethics and weapons of mass destruction
EditorsSeumas Miller
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer
Chapter3
Pages21-37
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783319926063
ISBN (Print)9783319926056
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameSpringerBriefs in Ethics
ISSN (Print)2211-8101
ISSN (Electronic)2211-811X

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